|Luca Bongiovanni De Miranda Gonçalves, Joao Carlos De Miranda Gonçalves, Maria Cristina Martins, Miguel N Burnier
Pan Am J Ophthalmol 2019, 1:15 (6 November 2019)
A unilateral nonteratoid malignant ciliary body medulloepithelioma presented in a 13-year-old girl as a leukocoria with an extense vascularized retrolental membrane in her right eye. In this description, clinical documentation, posterior segment ultrasound, and ultrasound biomicroscopy were obtained, and an anatomopathological correlation was made by showing rosettes in some histological cuts stained by haematoxylin and eosin obtained from the mass and the membrane.
|Jaime Larrea, Luz Catherine Martinez Malo, Daniel Jaramillo-Velásquez, Carlos Mario Rangel
Pan Am J Ophthalmol 2019, 1:14 (6 November 2019)
The study objective was to present multimodal imaging of definite ocular sarcoidosis (OS) in a young adult. A 52-year old woman consulted for 5 days of photophobia, ocular pain on movement, and redness in her left eye. Slit-lamp examination showed bilateral inferior granulomatous keratic precipitates, high cellullarity in the anterior chamber, posterior synechiae and hypopigmented subretinal lesions in the inferior vascular arcade, and nasal retina. In addition to the complete ophthalmic examination fundus photography (FP), fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A) were performed.Multimodal imaging of both eyes of the patient was performed. FP showed periphlebitis, hypopigmented subretinal lesions in the inferior temporal vascular arcade, and nasal retina. FA showed late diffuse capillary leakage from the subretinal lesions and optic nerve. OCT-A showed decreased choroidal capillary density, small hypo-intense gray areas of retinal capillary hypoperfusion, and presence of confluent and isolated areas void of flow in the deep plexus and choriochapillaris. With these findings on the multimodal imaging, chest computed tomography scan, and negative laboratory workup for other diseases, a presumptive diagnosis of OS was made which was subsequently confirmed with a positive skin nodule biopsy. The combination of OCT-A and other diagnostic methods allows a more detailed evaluation of structural and functional clinical findings in OS. There are few studies on OCTA findings in OS. Further studies with larger samples are needed in order to establish specific OCTA findings that could be used as diagnostic criteria.