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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45

Superior orbital fissure syndrome secondary to ophthalmic herpes zoster: Case Report

Department of Ophthalmology, General Regional Hospital, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Joel Isai Quetzal Herrera
Avenue Miguel Hidalgo 216, Garcia Gineres, 97070 Merida, Yucatan
Katia Marquez Gonzalez
Avenue Miguel Hidalgo 216, García Ginerés, 97070 Mérida, Yucatan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pajo.pajo_41_22

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Objective: The objective of this study is to report a case of superior orbital fissure syndrome (SOFS), secondary to ocular herpes zoster, with a favorable evolution. Materials and Methods: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) usually presents with ocular manifestations, being infrequent with the ophthalmoplegia. SOFS secondary to HZO is rare. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with dermatome involvement of the first left trigeminal branch, secondary to herpes zoster infection, who also developed herpetic keratitis in the left eye. After 8 days of antiviral treatment, he developed total left eye ophthalmoplegia that required steroid treatment. The evolution of the ophthalmoplegia was favorable with resolution at 3 months of follow-up. Conclusions: It is essential to make known one of the complications of HZO infection, although not as frequent, just as important, is to recognize this pathology when it occurs for prompt management and recovery.

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