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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4

The spectrum of uveal effusion syndrome, medical therapy, and surgical treatment

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
2 Ophthalmology, Hospital de Puerto Montt, Santiago, Chile
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital del Salvador, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rodrigo Anguita
162 City Road, London EC1V 2PD
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pajo.pajo_64_20

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Aims: The aim of the study is to describe and evaluate the clinical features, multimodal imaging, differential diagnoses, treatment options, and visual outcomes in patients with diagnosis of uveal effusion syndrome (UES). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, observational case series of patients with diagnosis of UES. Variables analyzed included age, gender, medical history, initial and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), clinical features, type of treatment, and follow-up. Results: We report three cases, consisting of 2 males and 1 female, aged 37, 58, and 72 years with the diagnosis of UES. One patient was treated with medical therapy (acetazolamide) and the other two were submited to surgical treatment including one case of two-thirds thickness sclerotomy and one case with subscleral sclerectomy. All cases had complete resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF). BCVA improved in two cases, while there was no improvement of BCVA in one case due to outer retina atrophy as a consequence of chronic SRF. Conclusions: The diagnosis of UES still remains a challenge for a clinician. It is essential to know the clinical features differential diagnosis and be familiarized with the different therapeutic approaches to establish accurate diagnosis and treatment.

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