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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34

Pediatric ocular disease in an ophthalmic surgical mission trip to belize: A 7-year review

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
2 Department of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Storm Eye Institute, Charleston, South Carolina, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Courtney L Kraus
625 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PAJO.PAJO_36_20

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Purpose: The purpose is to identify the various causes of ocular disease and surgical interventions undertaken in children (0–18 years of age) seen during an annual ophthalmic surgical trip to Belize. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional review of records from seven annual surgical trips conducted by the World Pediatric Project providing pediatric ophthalmologic clinical and surgical care to Belize from 2013 to 2019 was performed. Results: The charts of 313 patients who received care during the surgical mission trips were examined. From these 313 patients, there were 545 independent clinical encounters, yielding 405 diagnoses. Patients aged 6–10 years were most commonly seen (32.1%) followed by those 2–5 years old (28.1%). The most common pathophysiology seen was strabismus/ocular motility disorder (151 diagnoses; 37.4%), followed by refractive issues (69 diagnoses; 17.1%), eyelids and/or lacrimal system disorders (53 diagnoses; 13.1%), disorders of the retina/vitreous (30 diagnoses; 7.4%), lens abnormalities/cataract (28 diagnoses; 6.9%), amblyopia (23 diagnoses; 5.7%), disorders of the cornea/conjunctiva (23 diagnoses; 5.7%), trauma (13 cases; 3.2%), conditions affecting the globe/orbit (7 diagnoses; 1.7%), other (6 diagnoses; 1.5%), and glaucoma (1 diagnoses, 0.2%). Conclusion: This study identified the most frequently diagnosed ocular conditions encountered during annual surgical mission trips to Belize. The most prevalent pathophysiology encountered was strabismus/ocular motility disorders, followed by refractive issues. The most common refractive issues encountered were myopia and astigmatism. This is the first study detailing pediatric ocular disease in Belize.

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