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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14

Multimodal imaging ocular sarcoidosis

Department of Ophthalmology, Retina and Vitreous Section, Fundación Oftalmológica De Santander Clínica Carlos Ardila Lulle, Bucaramanga, Colombia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Carlos Mario Rangel
Department of Retina and Vitreous, Fundacion Oftalmologica de Santander Clinica Carlos Ardila Lulle, Bucaramanga
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PAJO.PAJO_19_19

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The study objective was to present multimodal imaging of definite ocular sarcoidosis (OS) in a young adult. A 52-year old woman consulted for 5 days of photophobia, ocular pain on movement, and redness in her left eye. Slit-lamp examination showed bilateral inferior granulomatous keratic precipitates, high cellullarity in the anterior chamber, posterior synechiae and hypopigmented subretinal lesions in the inferior vascular arcade, and nasal retina. In addition to the complete ophthalmic examination fundus photography (FP), fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A) were performed.Multimodal imaging of both eyes of the patient was performed. FP showed periphlebitis, hypopigmented subretinal lesions in the inferior temporal vascular arcade, and nasal retina. FA showed late diffuse capillary leakage from the subretinal lesions and optic nerve. OCT-A showed decreased choroidal capillary density, small hypo-intense gray areas of retinal capillary hypoperfusion, and presence of confluent and isolated areas void of flow in the deep plexus and choriochapillaris. With these findings on the multimodal imaging, chest computed tomography scan, and negative laboratory workup for other diseases, a presumptive diagnosis of OS was made which was subsequently confirmed with a positive skin nodule biopsy. The combination of OCT-A and other diagnostic methods allows a more detailed evaluation of structural and functional clinical findings in OS. There are few studies on OCTA findings in OS. Further studies with larger samples are needed in order to establish specific OCTA findings that could be used as diagnostic criteria.

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